scope of nursing
scope of nursing
Scope of nursing
A qualified health professional’s scope of practice outlines the services that they are deemed competent to perform and permitted to do so under the rules of their professional license.
The Scope of Nursing and Practice Standards describe the “who,” “what,” “where,” “when,” “why,” and “how” of nursing practice:
- Who: Registered Nurses (RN) and Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRN) form the “who” constituency and have been educated, titled, and maintained active licensure to practice nursing.
- What: Nursing is the protection, advancement, and optimization of health and abilities; prevention of illness and injury; enabling of healing; eradication of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response; and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, groups, communities, and populations.
- Where: Wherever there is a patient in need of care.
- When: Anytime there is a need for nursing knowledge, compassion, and expertise.
- Why: The profession exists to achieve the most positive patient outcomes in keeping with nursing’s social contract and obligation to society.
Recognition of nursing specialties, review of scope and standards, and affirmation of competencies
Recognition of a nursing specialty, approval of a specialty nursing scope of practice statement, acceptance of specialty nursing standards of practice, and confirmation of focused practice competencies are all reviewed by the American Nurses Association.
Defending and expanding the scope of practice
- The ANA is working hard to protect and expand the scope of practice for nurses. Nurses must be able to practice to the full extent of their education and ability in order to provide the most efficient and high-quality care to patients in the fast-paced world of health care.
- A rising amount of research supports APRNs in providing safe and cost-effective treatment, and there is a national push to remove all barriers to full practice authorization. The American Nurses Association (ANA) will continue to monitor and advocate for legislative and regulatory changes affecting the scope of practice in order to remove practice obstacles for nurses and improve access to care.