Brief History of Nursing
- While there have always been men and women caring for injured troops and loved ones, nursing as a vocation did not emerge until the nineteenth century. Florence Nightingale, who felt strongly that God had called her to become a nurse, had a major influence on the profession’s evolution.
- During the Crimean War, Nightingale, the daughter of a privileged British family, spent her early years as a nurse to improving hospital conditions. She concentrated on cleanliness and nutrition. Notes on Nursing, a 136-page book she published in 1859, was an important element of the curriculum at the Nightingale School and other nursing institutions at the time. Her nursing ideas and passion quickly spread.
- In Boston, Massachusetts, the first nursing school was established in 1873. By 1938, New York had established the first state statute requiring practical nurses to be licensed. Since then, the number of nursing schools, nursing regulatory boards, and active nurses has increased dramatically.
- Nightingale had such a tremendous impact on nursing that most nursing schools now ask students to stand and say the “Nightingale Pledge,” which is comparable to the Hippocratic oath.
- Registered nurses (RNs) are those who have completed the educational and licensure criteria set forth by each state’s Board of Nursing. RNs are responsible for assessing and evaluating patient care, administering medications, using medical equipment to perform diagnostic tests, educating family members and patients about diseases and treatments, documenting patient information and vital signs, developing nursing care plans, and much more.
- A physician, nurse practitioner, or physician’s assistant is usually in charge of nurses. Licensed practical nurses (LPNs) and certified nursing assistants (CNAs) are frequently delegated responsibilities by registered nurses, based on their scope of practice and competencies.
Nursing Careers and Prospects
- Nursing is in high demand, and it is predicted to continue to rise. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment for registered nurses is predicted to expand 16 percent between 2014 and 2024, substantially faster than the national average.
- Furthermore, nursing is one of the most diverse occupations, with numerous specialty and advancement chances. Hospitals, schools, private businesses, government agencies, and other organizations all have openings. Cardiovascular Nursing, wound and ostomy nursing, oncology, orthopedics, nephrology, pediatrics, labor and delivery, critical care, and more specialties are available to nurses.