- Nursing interventions are any treatments, procedures, or teaching moments that a nurse uses to carry out their patient’s care plan, including any treatments, procedures, or teaching moments aimed at improving the patient’s comfort and health.
- These interventions might range from basic things like altering the patient’s bed and resting posture to more sophisticated things like psychotherapy and crisis counseling. While some nursing interventions are prescribed by doctors, nurse practitioners can also create orders based on evidence-based practice principles. The following are examples of common nursing interventions:
- Bedside care and assistance
- Administration of medication
- Postpartum support
- Feeding assistance
- Monitoring of vitals and recovery progress
Nursing Intervention Types
According to the role of the healthcare worker involved in the patient’s care, nursing interventions are divided into three categories:
- Independent: A nurse is capable of doing independent interventions without the support of other medical workers, such as normal nursing chores such as vital sign checks.
- Dependent: Some acts, such as prescribing a new medication, require instructions or input from a doctor. A nurse can’t start dependent interventions on her own.
- Interdependent: Collaborative interventions, also known as interdependent interventions, enlist the participation of team members from several disciplines. In some situations, such as after surgery, the patient’s rehabilitation plan may include doctor-prescribed medicine, nurse-assisted feeding, and treatment by a physical therapist or occupational therapist.
The Importance of Evaluations
The first step in developing a nursing care plan is to conduct a nursing assessment. Both physicians and nurses may ask questions and provide tests during the evaluation process to learn more about a patient’s health and well-being. Professionals collect the following information from patients:
- Vital signs
- Physical complaints or concerns
- External body conditions
- Medical history
- Current neurological functioning
- The nurse can utilize the clinical judgment to develop a nursing diagnosis list after acquiring all necessary information during the evaluation procedure. The nurse can create a care plan that explains which actions to include based on the exam and diagnosis.
- For example, the nursing diagnosis list could indicate that the patient is experiencing a loss of appetite as a result of post-surgery pain. From this medical diagnosis, the nurse can set goals to resolve the patient’s pain through actions such as administering pain-relief medication and assessing the patient’s pain levels every few hours.