med surg

By | March 22, 2022

med surg

med surg

med surg

med surg

  • A medical-surgical nurse (med-surg RN) is a professional who provides direct care to a wide range of patients. The medical-surgical population is frequently acutely unwell, with a variety of difficulties, complications, and co-morbidities. Post-surgical patients are included in the med-surg population.
  • Because of the wide range of patients that a med-surg RN may see, this field of nursing is typically the most difficult to define. It is also the most straightforward position for new nurse graduates to obtain. This is an excellent opportunity for nurses who want to get experience and exposure.

What types of situations might a med-surg nurse face on the job?

  • Diabetes
  • Pneumonia
  • Sepsis
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Cellulitis
  • Renal failure
  • Dehydration
  • Falls
  • Bowel obstructions
  • Orthopedic complications (hip replacement, knee replacement, rotator cuff repair)
  • Congestive heart failure (CHF)
  • Syncope
  • Hepatic encephalopathy
  • MRSA/VRE/C-Diff
  • Hernia repair

What are the functions and responsibilities of a medical-surgical nurse?
Because a med-surg RN’s job is so varied, compiling a thorough list of all possible cares and duties might be difficult. The following is a list of some of the most typical positions that a med-surg RN may play, but it is not exhaustive.

  • Admitting, transmitting, and discharging patients
  • Monitoring vital signs
  • Administering medications
  • Operating and maintaining medical equipment – IV lines, feeding tubes, catheters, oxygen tubing, etc.
  • Documenting patient care, needs, and progress
  • Communicating and collaborating with the care team
  • Carrying outpatient orders and plans of care
  • Supporting and educating patients and family members
  • Running and/or ordering tests and assessments
  • Filling out facility required education, reports, and charting
  • Working with wound care (particularly if the facility has no wound care RN)
  • Helping with pain control

Medical-surgical nursing – EDUCATION

  • Associate Degree Nurse (ADN):

Before being eligible for licensure and subsequent employment, one must have an ADN and pass the NCLEX-RN exam. ADN programs are usually completed in two years (after 1-2 years of the appropriate prerequisites).

ADN programs are typically offered by community colleges and involve online and classroom curriculum, lab work, clinical rotations, and practicum experiences. Most students who pursue an ADN degree are aware that they may need to return to school to obtain a BSN.

  • Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN):

Most RNs prefer to begin their professional practice with a BSN program to maintain a competitive advantage and to meet the IOM mandate. The average length of a BSN program is four years. These courses are available on both traditional and online campuses. They are a blend of classroom work, lecture, labor work, clinical experiences, and practicums, similar to an ADN program.

  • Master of Science in Nursing (MSN):

This isn’t essential for working as a professional med-surg nurse. Many nurses, on the other hand, choose to get their MSN since it opens up additional opportunities for professional advancement. An MSN also allows you to teach, earn more money, and take on more responsibilities. Some businesses will reimburse or provide educational aid for these academic pursuits on occasion.

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