- Martha Elizabeth Rogers (May 12, 1914 – March 13, 1994) was an American nurse, researcher, theorist, and author best known for her groundbreaking work An Introduction to the Theoretical Basis of Nursing and the Science of Unitary Human Beings.
- When it comes to health and treatment, she feels that a patient’s environment cannot be separated from them. Her understanding of how humans and their environments live has aided in the transition to greater health.
- Martha Rogers was born on the same day as Florence Nightingale, on May 12, 1914. She was the eldest of Bruce Taylor Rogers and Lucy Mulholland Keener Rogers’ four children.
- She had a thirst for education since she was a child. Kindergarten was “terribly thrilling” for her, and she had a love and passion for literature that her parents encouraged. At the age of three, her father took her to the public library, where she enjoyed storytime. She enjoyed going off on her own with a book. She had read every book in the school library by fourth grade. She went to the library before I was six years old, even before she could read.
- She was familiar with the public library and began reading a stack of eight books at a time. Her father used to be annoyed if she was skimming, but he eventually realized that the little Rogers was a quick learner.
- Rogers, in fact, mastered the Greek alphabet by the age of ten. She had already finished all 20 volumes of The Child’s Book of Knowledge and was far into the Encyclopedia Britannica by sixth grade.
- She enjoyed reading about anthropology, archaeology, cosmology, ethnography, astronomy, ethics, psychology, eastern philosophy, and aesthetics, among other subjects. She had completed all of her high school math classes by her senior year and was enrolled in a college-level algebra class where she was the only female in the class.
Martha rogers – Education
- Initially, Martha Rogers aspired to work in fields such as law and medicine, where she could perhaps contribute to societal welfare. She only studied medicine for a few years, though, because women in medicine were not extremely popular at the time. Instead, Rogers enrolled in a nursing school at a local hospital with the help of a buddy. But, like Nightingale, her parents were just as unhappy with the decision as they had been with the choice of medicine.
- She subsequently transferred to the nursing program at Knoxville General Hospital, where she was one of 25 students in her class. She described her training as “Army, pre-Nightingale,” and she described it as “miserable” at times. She even spent a week at home contemplating going back to school, but she finally discovered that she enjoyed working with people and patients.
- Rogers earned her nursing diploma from the Knoxville General Hospital School of Nursing in 1936, then went on to George Peabody College in Tennessee to acquire her Public Health Nursing degree in 1937. She sold her car to pay for school and enrolled full-time in a Master’s degree program.
- In 1945, she received her Master’s degree from Teachers College, Columbia University, and in 1954, she received her Doctorate in Nursing from Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. Her studies were completed in 1954, and her dissertation was titled “The association of maternal and fetal factors with the development of behavior problems among elementary school children.”
The theory of Martha Rogers
- The Science of Unitary Human Beings is Martha Rogers’ theory (SUHB). Nursing is viewed as both a science and art in the theory because it provides a means to view the unitary human person as an intrinsic part of the universe. The unitary human being and his or her surroundings are one and the same. Nursing is concerned with people and the outcomes of the mutual human-environmental field interaction.
- The science of nursing, which is information particular to the area of nursing derived from scientific study, and the art of nursing, which is applying the science of nursing creatively to improve the lives of patients, are the two dimensions of SUHB.
- Her approach emphasizes the importance of the patient’s environment as a vital element of the patient’s rehabilitation, and it employs that knowledge to assist nurses in blending the science and art of nursing to ensure patients have a quick recovery and return to their optimal health.