evidence based nursing
evidence based nursing
In nursing, what is EBP
The integration of research evidence, clinical competence, and a patient’s preferences is known as EBP in nursing. Nurses are encouraged to deliver tailored patient care using this problem-solving approach to clinical practice.
Evidence-based nursing – History
- In the 1800s, Florence Nightingale is credited with improving patient care by recognizing that filthy environments and limited airflow could harm patients’ health. She then went on to collect medical data utilizing patient demographics to determine the number of hospital deaths and the mortality rate associated with various illnesses and traumas.
- In 1972, Archie Cochrane pioneered the use of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and other types of research in nursing practice. Prior to Cochrane’s contribution to healthcare, medical care was based on incorrect assumptions and did not take the particular patient into account.
- Because healthcare systems have limited resources, Cochrane advised that they should only use therapies that have been demonstrated to be beneficial. His argument that RTCs were the most verifiable kind of evidence laid the groundwork for the EBP movement.
- Medical pioneers like David Sackett and Gordon Guyatt advanced the conceptual development and practice of evidence-based medicine in the 1990s. Unlike Cochrane, Sackett believes that EBP should include evidence, clinical experience, and patient values in addition to research. The evidenced-based practice was coined when other healthcare professionals began to adopt this approach for patient care.
- EBP is a critical component of providing safe and effective patient care. In order to give treatment to patients with complicated and debilitating illnesses, nurses must be up to date on current techniques.
- In an RN to BSN program, nursing students learn about the importance of research in nursing practice. These courses include research design, methodology, procedure, and ethical concepts. Nursing students also utilize critical-thinking skills to assess and critique research papers before applying the findings to their nursing practice.
How Does EBP Fit Into Nursing
EBP assists nurses in determining the most effective care delivery strategy. EBP entails the following five processes, according to the NSW Government’s Clinical Information Access Portal (CIAP):
- Form a clinical question to identify a problem
- Gather the best evidence
- Analyze the evidence
- Apply the evidence to clinical practice
- Assess the result
Evidence-based nursing – Benefits
- EBP in nursing provides nurses with scientific information that they may utilize to make well-informed decisions when combined with real-time, data-driven insight. Nurses can use EBP to stay up to date on new medical procedures for patient care. Nurses can improve their patients’ chances of recovery by looking for documented therapies that match their patients’ profiles.
- Nurses can use EBP to analyze research to determine the hazards and effectiveness of diagnostic tests and treatments. Nurses can incorporate patients in their care plans when they use EBP. Patients can express their worries, share their values and preferences, and offer ideas on how they wish to continue, allowing them to take an active role in their own treatment.