- In a community context, community health nursing, also known as public health nursing or community nursing, integrates primary healthcare with nursing practice. Community health (CH) nurses serve communities or populations by providing health services, preventive care, intervention, and health education.
- Previously, public health nurses worked for the government or the department of public health. Since then, their role has grown. In fact, some may not work with patients directly. “The Definition and Practice of Public Health Nursing, according to the definition and Practice of Public Health Nursing, from American Public Health Association, “Public health nursing is the practice of promoting and protecting the health of populations using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences.”
Community nurse – Roles
Community nurses help the NHS address the requirements of age, disabled, or fragile patients who may not be able to visit the hospital. They work in a variety of settings, from clinics and health centers to residential lodging and patients’ homes.
Community nurses are qualified to undertake a wide range of nursing operations, including the following:
- basic care – such as checking temperature, blood pressure, and breathing
- administering injections
- assisting doctors with examinations and medical procedures
- cleaning and dressing wounds
- setting up intravenous drips and monitoring ongoing care
Patients and families benefit from community nurses’ educational and advisory services, which include information on different aspects of healthcare. Community nurses may be called upon to give emergency care in cases when patients have been involved in accidents or have suffered problems such as cardiac arrest.
Specialties of Community Health Nurses
A nurse who works with low-income people will assess their healthcare requirements and then look for free or low-cost options. They could cover any or all of the following areas:
- Disability identification and support.
- Pregnancy and infant care education and referrals.
- Child development assessments.
- Domestic violence support.
- Self-care, healthcare, and nutrition education.