Sister Callista L. Roy is a nursing theorist, lecturer, and author who was born on October 14, 1939. Her revolutionary work in developing the Adaptation Model of Nursing is well-known.
Career and Education
- Callista Roy graduated from Mount Saint Mary’s College in Los Angeles with a bachelor’s degree in nursing in 1963 and a master’s degree in nursing from the University of California in 1966.
- Roy began her sociology education after earning her nursing degrees, getting a master’s degree in sociology in 1973 and a doctorate in sociology in 1977 from the University of California.
- Roy was challenged in a seminar with Dorothy E. Johnson while working on her master’s degree to construct a conceptual model for nursing. Roy worked as a pediatric nurse and saw that youngsters had a high level of resiliency and adaptability to big physical and psychological changes. Roy was so impressed by this adaptation that he set out to create a nursing conceptual framework.
- From 1964 to 1966, she was a graduate student at the University of California, where she established the model’s essential assumptions.
- Mount Saint Mary’s College embraced the adaptation framework as the intellectual cornerstone of the nursing curriculum in 1968, and she began operationalizing her model.
- Roy was an associate professor and chair of the Department of Nursing at Mount Saint Mary’s College from 1982 to 1983, and he was promoted to professor at both Mount Saint Mary’s College and the University of Portland in 1983. She assisted in the establishment of a summer master’s program at the University of Portland, where she also lectured.
- She worked as a clinical nurse scholar in neurology as a Robert Wood Johnson postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, San Francisco, from 1983 to 1985. She studied nursing interventions for cognitive recovery in head injuries and the impact of nursing models on clinical decision-making during this time.
- Roy has taught doctorate, master’s, and undergraduate students at Boston College School of Nursing since 1987 when she was appointed to the newly created resident nurse theorist position.
- The Boston Based Adaptation Research in Nursing Society (BBARNS), later renamed the Roy Adaptation Association, was formed by her in 1991.
- Other scholarly work by Roy includes building the philosophical foundation for the adaptation model and nursing epistemology, as well as conceptualizing and quantifying coping.
- Roy is a member of the Carondelet Sisters of St. Joseph.
Adaptation Model of Nursing
- Sister Callista Roy created the Sr. Callista Roy Adaptation Model of Nursing in 1976. The most well-known nursing theory seeks to describe or characterize nursing care.
- Roy’s theory views the individual as a collection of interconnected systems that maintain a balance between numerous inputs. The Nursing Adaptation Model is explained further below.